7.1. open()

open(const char * filename, int flags). The filename should be a sg device file name as discussed in the Chapter 4. Flags can be a number of the following or-ed together:

  • O_RDONLY restricts operations to read()s and ioctl()s (i.e. can't use write() ).

  • O_RDWR permits all system calls to be executed.

  • O_EXCL waits for other opens on the associated SCSI device to be closed before proceeding. If O_NONBLOCK is set then yields EBUSY when someone else has the SCSI device open. The combination of O_RDONLY and O_EXCL is disallowed.

  • O_NONBLOCK Sets non-blocking mode. Calls that would otherwise block yield EAGAIN (e.g. read() ) or EBUSY (e.g. open() ). This flag is ignored by ioctl(SG_IO) .

Either O_RDONLY or O_RDWR must be set in flag. Either of the other 2 flags (but not both) can be or-ed in.

Note that multiple file descriptors may be open to the same SCSI device. [This is a way of side stepping the SG_MAX_QUEUE limit.] At the sg level separate state information is maintained. This means that even if multiple file descriptors are open to a single SCSI device their write() read() sequences are essentially independent.

Open() calls may be blocked due to exclusive locks (i.e. O_EXCL). An exclusive lock applies to a single SCSI device and only to sg's use of that device (i.e. it has no effect on access via sd, sr or st to that device). If the O_NONBLOCK flag is used then open() calls that would have otherwise blocked, yield EBUSY. Applications that scan sg devices trying to determine their identity (e.g. whether one is a scanner) should use the O_NONBLOCK flag otherwise they run the risk of blocking.

The driver will attempt to reserve SG_DEF_RESERVED_SIZE bytes (32KBytes in the current sg.h) on open(). The size of this reserved buffer can subsequently be modified with the SG_SET_RESERVED_SIZE ioctl(). In both cases these are requests subject to various dynamic constraints. The actual amount of memory obtained can be found by the SG_GET_RESERVED_SIZE ioctl(). The reserved buffer will be used if:

  • it is not already in use (e.g. when command queuing is in use)

  • a write() or ioctl(SG_IO) requests a data transfer size that is less than or equal to the reserved buffer size.

Returns a file descriptor if >= 0 , otherwise -1 implies an error.

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